Philip Sheridan (1831-1888)
Philip Henry Sheridan graduated from West Point in 1853 and began his Civil War service as a staff officer in General Halleck’s headquarters. Eventually promoted to brigadier, he proved himself at the Battle of Stones River, where his determined stand bought General Rosecrans time to recover from a massive enemy flank attack. Brought east by Grant in 1864, he won fame for driving Jubal Early’s army out of the Shenandoah Valley in a campaign that culminated in the Battle of Cedar Creek (October 1864), and in the spring offensive of the following year, he was instrumental in the Union victory at Five Forks and the final pursuit of Lee’s army. Following the war, he was placed in charge of the Department of the Missouri and later became commanding general of the U. S. Army.